Southern Mexico

15 Days from
$4,895 CAD | $3,675 USD
Central America
Land Tour


  • Superb birding in a wide variety of habitats, including the spectacular Sumidero Canyon and the pre-Columbian pyramids at Palenque.
  • A wealth of birds, over 40 endemic or near-endemic species, including many localized wrens, hummingbirds, and the splendid Rosita’s Bunting, Orange-breasted Bunting and Red-breasted Chat.


Tour Overview

On our birding tour to Oaxaca and southern Mexico, we can expect to see up to 45 endemics, plus 43 near-endemics to Mexico, large numbers of other tropical species, and migrants from the United States and Canada. We visit several biotic provinces, including highlands in Oaxaca, Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Pacific Slope around Huatulco, and Gulf Slope rain forests in Chiapas.

 Habitats are diverse – cloud forest, pine woodland, tropical deciduous and rain forests – and more than 350 species are likely to be tallied. We search for Dwarf Jay and Dwarf Vireo, and for two restricted-range species: Nava’s Wren and Long-tailed Sabrewing. We visit spectacular steep-walled Sumidero Canyon and the charming city of San Cristóbal de Las Casas, again targeting very special birds, such as Belted Flycatcher and Pink-headed Warbler. Other jewels include endemic Rosita’s Bunting, Orange-breasted Bunting and Red-breasted Chat. Our tour culminates at the outstanding Mayan archaeological site of Palenque, where we expect a dazzling array of species in luxuriant rain forest and marvelous Usumacinta marshes.


Day 1: Arrival and Orientation

Our Southern Mexico birding tour begins with arrival in Oaxaca, where our tour leader(s) will meet you for dinner. Night in Oaxaca.

Great Kiskadee

The diverse habitats -pine woodland, subtropical scrub and tropical dry forests- within 45 minutes drive of Oaxaca possess nearly one third of Mexico’s endemic bird species. We allow ample time to search for most of these in the foothills and mountains east of the city and at nearby sites in the Interior Valley of Oaxaca such as at Teotitlán del Valle and Yagul. We also spend part of an afternoon enjoying the weaving and dyeing demonstration by Zapotec weavers in Teotitlán del Valle.

In the foothills, expected birds include Dusky and Berylline Hummingbirds, while we specifically search for Oaxaca Sparrow and three endemic species of vireos: Dwarf, Golden and Slaty Vireos. With luck, we may also find Ocellated Thrasher and Pileated Flycatcher. In the humid pine-oak forest at La Cumbre, we can expect to see birds such as Red Warbler, Crescent-chested Warbler, Painted Redstart, Slate-throated Redstart, Tufted Flycatcher, Gray Silky, Gray-barred Wren, Yellow-eyed Junco and others while we search for the rare Dwarf Jay, which is found nowhere else in Mexico. Nights in Oaxaca.

Red Warbler

Today we have a relaxed morning with optional birding in the hotel grounds and a later-than-usual breakfast in the hotel, then loading our suitcases onto the van and leaving at 1030-11 am. We drive south to the pass in the Sierra Madre del Sur where we will look for additional species of the humid pine/oak and cloud forest such as Garnet-throated Hummingbird and White-throated Jay. Night near San José del Pacífico.

Elegant Euphonia

After breakfast we will leave southward toward Huatulco on the Pacific coast, with further birding in the cloud forest of the Sierra Madre del Sur. Additional birds we will target include Blue-capped Hummingbird (the state of Oaxaca’s only endemic bird species) and Red-headed Tanager, and there is a second possibility of finding Golden Vireo in case we do not find it while staying in Oaxaca. Night in Huatulco.

Vermillion Flycatcher

Around Huatulco, species we are likely to encounter include Citreoline Trogon, Orange-fronted Parakeet, Russet-crowned Motmot, Turquoise-crowned Hummingbird, West Mexican Chachalaca, Rufous-naped Wren, Yellow-winged Cacique, and with luck Colima Pygmy-Owl. After an early lunch we will drive to Tehuantepec, stopping or making small detours in a couple of places to look for Orange-breasted Bunting, Red-breasted Chat and probably distant Blue-footed Boobies on a rocky island offshore. We may have time to search for Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow in the late afternoon (otherwise we will look for it first thing tomorrow). Night in Tehuantepec.

Yellow-winged Cacique

In the morning we will look for shorebirds, hopefully including Collared Plover, as well as birds of the dry scrub such as Cinnamon-tailed Sparrow (if we did not see it yesterday) and Rose-bellied (Rosita’s) Bunting and, with a lot of luck, Lesser Ground-Cuckoo. Night in Arriaga.

Rosita's Bunting

East of Arriaga, we will look for the nearly endemic Giant Wren and White-bellied Chachalaca as well as Turquoise-browed Motmot, Spot-breasted Oriole, Orange-chinned Parakeet and with luck Yellow-naped Parrot and Pacific Parakeet. These would be on the way to and from the special place where we will take a 2-hour mangrove boatride where our main target will be the beautiful Agami Heron. Night in Arriaga.

Agami Heron

If for some reason we failed to find Rose-bellied (Rosita’s) Bunting in the previous days, we will have a good chance to search for it and the endemic Green-fronted Hummingbird close to Arriaga before driving to San Cristóbal de las Casas, where we will check in to the hotel and have a free afternoon to explore the cultural aspects of this historic city (or more birding for those who wish). Night in San Cristóbal de las Casas.

We will bird at least two areas near San Cristóbal de las Casas this morning, where pine forest is the main vegetation. We should see several new species including Rufous-collared Thrush and Rufous-collared Sparrow, Amethyst-throated Hummingbird, Black-capped Swallow, White-naped Brush-finch, the blue-backed, southern form of the Steller’s Jay, Rufous-browed Wren, and, our main targets, Pink-headed Warbler and Black-throated Jay. In the late afternoon we will drive to Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Night in Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

Pink-headed Warbler

In the morning we will visit the spectacular Sumidero Canyon, where we will seek such sought-after species as Belted and Flammulated Flycatchers, Red-breasted Chat, Bar-winged Oriole, and with luck the rare Slender Sheartail. In the afternoon we will visit a sinkhole where dozens of endemic Green Parakeets usually roost. Night in Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

Before heading to Palenque, we visit a special site where Nava’s Wren occurs. Our leader Hector Gomez de Silva was involved with rediscovering this bird and having it classified as a species. Afterwards, we will take the whole rest of the day driving to Palenque, an outstanding archaeological site surrounded by luxuriant rain forest in land that belonged to the Mayas. Hundreds of bird species can be found in this area, among which we can expect to see Long-billed Hermit, Masked Tityra, Red-capped Manakin, Montezuma’s Oropendola and several species of trogons, parrots, tropical tanagers, wrens, flycatchers and more. Nights in Palenque.

Palenque ruins

Leaving Palenque we drive through grasslands and marshes near Emiliano Zapata and Villahermosa. We will be looking for a number of interesting birds including Double-striped Thick-knee, Bare-throated Tiger-Heron, Grassland Yellow-Finch, Plain-breasted Ground-Dove and Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture. Night in Villahermosa.

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Our Southern Mexico birding tour concludes today. Breakfast is available at our hotel in Villahermosa, but you are free to leave anytime today.


What's Included

Tour Includes

  • All meals and accommodation
  • Ground transporation
  • 1 guide with 4 - 8 participants, 2 guides with 9 - 12
  • Park entry / tour fees
  • Gratuities

Tour Does Not Include

  • Flights to and from start/end location
  • Items of a personal nature
  • Travel Insurance

What to Expect

The daily travel schedule on our Southern Mexico birding tour will vary to account for weather, bird species and habitat. We will often want to be out birding very early in the morning — we will usually take a box breakfast into the field. However, on two occasions we will have a 630 to 7 am breakfast in the hotel and on one further morning we will make a mid-morning departure to allow for some relaxation time. The tour involves generally easy walking, occasionally with short stretches of gentle hill climbing, and in one or two places it may be somewhat muddy but rubber boots will certainly not be necessary. During our walks we stop frequently to observe wildlife. When walking we will never be more than a couple of kilometers of the vehicle. There will be a couple of long drives of up to five or six hours, but we will be stopping at two or three places along the way to break up these journeys into shorter segments. Almost all days on the tour involve significant driving, at times on windy roads, to get to the locations for our target birds.

The Palenque and Villahermosa areas, where we will be on the last few days, will be hot and humid and we may encounter showers late in the day. When we are at higher elevations, we will encounter cool weather, sometimes even situations where we will want to wear a coat and gloves (some years are cooler than others). On one day, local boatmen will take us on a 2-hour mangrove boat ride.

Around noon time we stop to have a sit-down meal at a restaurant. We will usually have dinner at the hotel or a nearby restaurant, where we will review the list of birds seen and heard and plan for the next day.

Featured Wildlife

Even though we cannot guarantee a sighting of the animals below, we feel quite confident that an encounter with the ones listed below is quite likely.

  • Nava's Wren
  • Giant Wren
  • Bridled Sparrow
  • Red-breasted Chat
  • Rosita's Bunting
  • Belted Flycatcher
  • Russet-crowned Motmot
  • Oaxaca Sparrow
  • Ocellated Thrasher
  • Orange-breasted Bunting

Past Tour Checklists

View the list of birds and other wildlife we encountered on our past tours.

Trip Reports

Explore the experience of our past tours.

Tour Reviews