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Brazil Amazon & Pantanal Trip Report 2023

Guides: Héctor Gómez de Silva and Ricardo Parrini

The Pantanal is world-famous for its wildlife and includes the best place in the world to see jaguars. The nearby Chapada dos Guimaraes and Jardim da Amazonia feature additional birds in completely different ecosystems. On this tour we saw a number of special species, including Red-legged Seriema, Red-billed Scythebill, Cone-billed Tanager and the attractive Hyacinth and Golden-collared Macaws, not to mention four jaguars in broad daylight, giant otters, 4 Brazilian Tapirs and a mother and baby Giant Anteater! In all, we recorded 352 species of birds (14 heard only) and 20 species of mammals in the 14 days.

Day 1. September 16. Arrival day

We met in Cuiabá with our local guide Ricardo Parrini.

Day 2. September 17

After a buffet breakfast, we left the hotel on a Sprinter bus (followed by a second bus with our large luggage) and headed south to our next hotel in the northern part of the Transpantaneira road, stopping on the way to bird from the roadside (and a washroom stop). The first part of the drive was on pavement but after that (and for the next few days) it was a wide gravel road.

We saw the first Greater Rheas of the trip and many, many other birds and, 20 km before arriving at the hotel, little after noon, a Brazilian Tapir crossed the road in front of us! This was completely unexpected and, unfortunately, only half of the group got to see this very special mammal –but I told the group “the good news is that the hotel we’re going to sometimes has a Brazilian Tapir visiting the garden at night.

We had a buffet lunch and after checking in and having a break in our rooms, we took a delightful boatride along the Pixaim River next to the hotel, where highlights included a Toco Toucan, White-throated Piping-Guans, a Sungrebe and a Sunbittern, a glimpse of an Agami Heron and dozens of Band-tailed Nighthawks flying (seemingly floating) low over our boat as it returned to the hotel at dusk.

Turquoise-fronted Parrots, Brazil

Turquoise-fronted Parrots © Héctor Gómez de Silva

At night, after dinner, a pair of Brazilian Tapirs with a baby showed up right next to the wing of the hotel where some of us had our rooms! (they were eating the green mangoes that had fallen from the trees; we all got to see them since the hotel staff alerted us to them while we were still together in the dining room).
Incredible! Four tapirs in one day! (our first full day, in fact).

Day 3. September 18

Before breakfast we took another wonderful boatride along the Pixaim River, with many birds including the rare Green-and-rufous Kingfisher, and most participants managed to get outstanding views of an Agami Heron. After breakfast and again after lunch we took the forest trail behind the hotel and added more goodies to our lists, including Hyacinth Macaws and Pale-crested Woodpecker, Pale-legged Hornero and the near-endemic Mato Grosso Antbird.

Day 4. September 19

Before breakfast some of the group met to walk around the hotel and nearby abandoned airstrip (meeting up at 520 am to look for Nacunda Nighthawk which showed up exactly on cue). We had nice views of species we had already seen including a pair of Greater Rheas with babies. After breakfast we had a long drive to the south end of the Transpantaneira road, at Porto Jofre –with many species seen from the bus including Maguari Stork, dozens of Jabirus and a dozen Southern Screamers.

Day 5. September 20

The Day of the Jaguar. Porto Jofre Hotel specializes in catering for two types of tourists: fishermen and people seeking encounters with jaguars. Pantanal jaguars are the largest subspecies of jaguar (Panthera onca palustris). Their main prey here are the capybaras and caimans that populate the edges of the river, and morning and afternoon boatrides in the river produce a high probability of encountering a jaguar. While the main target on both boatrides was viewing jaguars, and we saw two separate individuals in the morning and another two (or three) in the afternoon, we also saw a good number of other species of birds, mammals and reptiles including White Woodpeckers, a Green-barred Woodpecker, Giant Otters, Black-and-gold Howler Monkeys (the males are black and the females and young have gold-buff fur), a yellow anaconda and many caimans.

Midday at the hotel, we watched the local Hyacinth Macaws at close quarters.

Jaguar in Brazil's Pantanal

Jaguar © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Jaguar along river in Brazil

Jaguar © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Jaguar © Héctor Gómez de Silva

Jaguar © Héctor Gómez de Silva



Watching giant otters from boat

Watching giant otters © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Boating at sunset in Brazil

Boating back to lodge at Porto Jofre © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Hyacinth Macaw

Hyacinth Macaw © Héctor Gómez de Silva

Day 6. September 21

After breakfast we drove north again along the Transpantaneira to our next hotel, Piuval Lodge, where we stayed only one night. We made 3 main birding stops and added goodies such as Fawn-breasted Wren, Dull-capped Attila, an adult and a fledgeling Lesser Horned Owl, a Yellowish Pipit, a White-banded Mockingbird, and the elegant Chotoy Spinetail.

Lesser Horned-Owl Adult in Brazil

Lesser Horned-Owl Adult © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Lesser Horned-Owl fledgling

Lesser Horned-Owl fledgling © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Chotoy Spinetail, Brazil

Chotoy Spinetail © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Roadside birding in Brazil

Roadside birding in Brazil © Héctor Gómez de Silva

After a late lunch and a siesta we took a late afternoon-and-early evening game drive in the vicinity of the lodge, seeing a pair of Great Rufous Woodcreepers, a day-roosting Great Potoo, a night-roosting Red-legged Seriema, a Black-banded Owl, a Little Nightjar, several Common Pauraques and several Tapeti (Brazilian Rabbit).

Day 7. September 22

We started the day with a 1 ½ hr game drive near the lodge before breakfast, in which we saw a female Giant Anteater carrying a baby on her back, and thanks to radio communication with the lodge staff, a Southern Tamandua –two anteaters in one morning!

Southern Tamandua, Brazil

Southern Tamandua © Héctor Gómez de Silva

After breakfast we took another, 3-hour game drive in the vicinity of the lodge and saw two more Red-legged Seriemas, several Rufous Casiornis, a Red-billed Scythebill, and many other birds.

Red-billed Scythebill

Red-billed Scythebill © Héctor Gómez de Silva

After lunch at Piuval Lodge, we left the Pantanal ecosystem to drive to the upland, cerrado ecosystem at Chapada dos Guimaraes, where we’d be three days because there are many birding sites scattered around the area. Before reaching the hotel Pousada do Parque, which is set inside the Chapada dos Guimaraes National Park, we saw a few birds including our first Brown Jacamar (much prettier than their picture in the field guide) and our first Red-and-green Macaw.

Day 8. September 23

After an early breakfast we drove to the Agua Fria road, where we birded in the low scrub for a couple of hours before it became too warm and the bird activity dropped dramatically. We added a great many species to our birdlist at this site, including White-banded (aka Shrike-like), White-rumped, Black-faced and Cinnamon Tanagers, Plain-crested Elaenias, a Spot-backed Puffbird, a Suiriri Flycatcher and a Red-crested Finch. Then we visited the forested Vale da Bencao for a couple of hours, and we saw additional species including a Crested Becard and a Crested Oropendola nesting side by side in the same tree canopy.

After lunch at a restaurant in town, we drove back to the lodge and had a siesta, but not before I showed the group a couple of trees and nearby flowering bushes, right beside the main lodge building, which were buzzing with hummingbirds of different species, and they included a fabulous Scissor-tailed Hummingbird and a pair of Frilled Coquettes.

In the afternoon we visited the Caverna Aroe Jari road, where we saw our first Burrowing Owls and Black-throated Saltators of the trip, and other highlights were a nesting Red-legged Seriema and the trip’s only Least Nighthawk just before dusk.

Red-legged Seriema on nest, Brazil

Red-legged Seriema on nest © Héctor Gómez de Silva

Day 9. September 24

Busy day today. After another early breakfast we again visited the low scrub, this time on the Geladeira road. Here we saw among others a Rufous-winged Antshrike, a pair of Planalto Slaty-Antshrikes, a Chapada Flycatcher and a White-throated Kingbird. Again, once it became too hot and sunny we retreated to a forested area, this time Vale do Jamacá –where a pair of Sibilant Sirystes was the highlight.

Next was the spectacular view of the canyon and waterfall at Veu de Noiva, made even more spectacular by the pair of Red-and-green Macaws that flew close to the lookout a few minutes after we arrived. And the Cliff Flycatcher that showed up on a cliff near us.

For lunch we went to a fancy restaurant with its own cliff lookout, and after lunch we visited the lookout a saw an amazing King Vulture, a pair of Ferruginous Pygmy-Owls as well as a pair of Lettered Aracaris and the trip’s only Yellow-tufted Woodpeckers (elegant).

After a siesta (and optional hummingbirding) back at our hotel, we walked the lodge’s own forest trail, seeing an Amazonian Motmot and a pair of Channel-billed Toucans, 3 Planalto Tyrannulet and a pair of lovely Saffron-billed Sparrows, and watching the sunset from the tower at the end of the trail.

Buses at Pousada do Parque Lodge

Our buses at Pousada do Parque Lodge © Héctor Gómez de Silva

Day 10. September 25

After yet another early breakfast, today we again visited the lodge’s forested trail and saw another suite of special birds, not the least of which was a Tataupa Tinamou (tinamous not “heard-only” any more!), a rather rarely seen Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin and a little group of Golden-crowned Warbler (white-bellied form).

After checking out of the hotel, we made the long drive to yet another ecosystem: the Amazon at Jardim da Amazonia Lodge, where we checked in, had a late lunch, and then birded at forest edge and a lake a short drive way, with the highlight being multiple views of Blue-and-yellow Macaws (including one on the ground eating a corn cob).

Day 11. September 26

After an early breakfast we boarded two motorboats and were taken upriver first to the lodge’s own oxbow lake –the world’s ONLY reliable spot to see Cone-billed Tanager, which we saw quickly, then continued watching birds along the river and on a short trail that can be reached by boat only. Among other goodies we saw a pure Red-throated Piping-Guan (until now we had seen only White-throated and a few hybrids), the beautiful Yellow-throated and Ringed Woodpeckers, Silvered, Black-throated and Rondonia Warbling-Antbirds, White-banded Swallow, Epaulet Oriole, Short-billed Honeycreeper and Blue-necked and Turquoise Tanagers, and a group of roosting Proboscis Bats.

Boating on the river at Amazonia

Boating on the river at Amazonia © Héctor Gómez de Silva


Boating on the river at Amazonia

Boating on the river at Amazonia © Héctor Gómez de Silva

After lunch and a siesta we walked a dirtroad to some ponds and saw a female Dot-eared Coquette, a Bat Falcon eating a Gray-breasted Martin it had just caught, Black-girdled Barbet, Red-necked Aracari and Bare-necked Fuitcrow.

Day 12. September 27

The morning was spent walking a loop trail from the lodge. Here we saw the world’s smallest passerine, Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant (in flight it looks and moves like a bumblebee), glimpsed a Chattering Gnatwren, and saw a White-barred Piculet and other birds.

Birding at the Amazonia Lodge

Birding at the Amazonia Lodge © Héctor Gómez de Silva

In the afternoon, we visited a forest trail a short boatride from the lodge and saw Black-faced Spider Monkeys, a Green-backed Trogon, and had a couple of brief views of Red-headed Manakin.

Day 13. September 28

After an early breakfast, we birded upriver from the lodge and took the same trail as yesterday afternoon, seeing cute Band-tailed Antbirds and a glimpsed Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper along the river, and a pair of tiny Dwarf Tyrant-Manakins, a Collared Trogon and a Flame-crowned Manakin on the trail.

Birding group in Brazil

Our group

Birding tour with van in Brazil

After lunch we were driven back to Cuiabá where we checked into our hotel and had our last supper together at a nearby restaurant.

And so our Pantanal & Amazon (and Chapada) tour/adventure came to an end, with a plethora of fabulous birds and other wildlife in our memories and our photographs.